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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

FARGAKA KOSI.                                                      365
indeed, that the word is often used as a synonyme for * the garden of Eden.'
It comprises a wide and densely-wooded area,* the trees becoming thicker
and thicker towards the centre, where a pretty natural lake spreads cool and
clear, and reflects in its deep still waters the over-hanging branches of a magni-
ficent banyan tree. It is connected with a masonry tank of very eccentric
configuration, also the work of Rup Bam ; on the margin of which are several
shrines and pavilions for the accommodation of pilgrims, who assemble here to
the number of some 10,000, Bhadon sudi 10, when the Has Lila is celebrated.
There is also a walled garden, planted by a Seth of Mirzapur, who employed
as Ms agent Ghan-pat Kara, one of the Kosi traders. It has a variety of
shrubs and fruit trees ; but, like most native gardens, is rapidly becoming a
tangled and impenetrable jungle. Adjoining it is a bdrah Jan', or pavilion,
constructed in 1870, by Nem Ji? another Kosi baniya, out of money left for the
purpose by his brother Bansidhar, A fair is held in the grove every Saturday
and a larger one on every full moon, when the principal diversion consists in
seeing the immense swarms of monkeys fight for the grain that is scrambled
among them. The Bairagi belongs to the Nimbarak Sampradaya.
Between Kokila-ban and the village is another holy place, called Kabk-ban
besides the Padar-Grangi The origin of the word Padar is obscure: it is inter-
preted by kara, 'green/ and therefore may be a corruption of the Sanskrit
pddapa, i a tree,*!
At little Bathaa, a curious ridge of rock, called Charan Panar, crops np
above the ground, the stone being of precisely the same character as at Barsana
and Nand-gaaw. It was once proposed to utilize some of it for engineering
purposes, but such strenuous objections were raised that the design was never
carried into execution. The name of the present hermit is Radhika Das. " This
it is said, was one of the places where Krishna most delighted to stop and play
Ms flute, and many of the stones are still supposed to bear the impress of his
* feet/ charan. The hill is of very insignificant dimensions, having an average
height'of only some twenty or thirty feet, and a total length of at most a quarter
of a mile. On the rock are several specimens of the tree called Indrajau
[Wrigktia tiTictona), which I have not seen elsewhere. la the cold weather it is
almost entirely bare of leaves, but bears bunches of very long slender dark-green
* It ii SIS bSghu in extent; 54 bighaa being held rent-free by the Mahant of the Hermitage,
irfco alio has all the p&ttarage aad fallen timber of the wbole area, with a farther endowment of
&ž bighas of arable la&d in Júr.
| It fa mentioned by a&aae in the Yfajfc-bhakti-Yilasa Mt